A Simple Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Aluminum in Some Real, Environmental, Biological, Soil and Pharmaceutical Samples Using 2-Hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone
More details
Hide details
Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
BCSIR Laboratories, Chittagong, Bangladesh
M. Jamaluddin Ahmed   

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
Publication date: 2017-10-05
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2010;5(1):1–15
A simple ultra-trace, and highly selective non-extractive spectrophotometric method is presented for the rapid determination of aluminum at trace levels using 2-hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone (HNPBH) as a new spectrophotometric reagent (lmax = 412 nm) in slightly acidic solution (1.5×10-5-1.25×10-4 M H2SO4) in 50% N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) medium. The reaction is instantaneous and absorbance remains stable for over 24 h. The color system obeys Beer’s law from 0.01-2.0 mgL-1 having detection limit of 1 µg L-1 and RSD 0-2%. The average molar absorptivity and Sandell’s sensitivity were found to be 2.21´104 L mol-1 cm-1 and 6 ng cm-2, respectively. The stoichiometric composition of the chelate is 2:3. The interference from over 50 cations, anions, and complexing agents (tartrate, oxalate, citrate, EDTA, DMG, 1.10 phenanthrolin, oxine, phosphate, thio-urea, SCN-) has been studied at 1 mgL-1 of Al. The method was successfully applied to some certified reference materials (alloys and steels), environmental waters (inland and surface), biological samples (human blood, urine and gallstone), soils, pharmaceutical samples (entacyd and almasil) and complex synthetic mixtures. The method has high precision and accuracy (s = ±0.01 for 0.5 mgL-1).
Browar H, Importance of aluminum http:// www.firstaluminum.com/articles.
Li Z, Lu N, Zhou X and Song Q (2007) Extraction spectrophotometric determination of aluminum in dialysis concentrates with 3,5-ditertbutylsalicyl -fluorone and ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-trimethylsilylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. J Pharma 43(5) : 1609.
Venugopal B and Luckey T D (1979) Aluminum in, Metal Toxicity in Mammals 2, Plenum, New York, p 104.
Abubakar MG, Taylor A and Ferns GA (2004) The effect of Aluminum and Selenium supplementation on brain and liver antioxidant status in rat. Afr J Biotechnol 3(1): 88.
Hassan NI and Ahmad M (2007) Analysis Kvantitatif aluminum(III) menggunakan reagent Alizarin Red S dan Jaringan neural tiruan(ANN). Sins Malaysian 36(2) : 189.
Kamino S, Yamaguchi T, Mori T, Miyamoto M, Kusumi Y and Fujita Y (2005) Spectrophotometric Determination of Aluminum with m-Carboxyphenylfluorone, a Novel Chemical Probe and Its Application. Anal Sci 21(12) :1549.
Zhou N (2004) Selective Spectrophotometric Determination of Aluminium in the Presence of Beryllium and Lanthanide Cations. Microchimica Acta 146(1) : 73.
Idriss KA, Hashem EY, Aziz MSA and Ahmed HM (2000) Direct spectrophotometric determination of aluminum oxide in Portland cement and cement clinker. An insight into the solution equilibria and analytical aspects of the aluminum–quinizarin system. Analyst 125: 221.
Zareba S and Melke J (2000) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum in pharmaceutical preparations by azo dyes of 1,2,4-triazole series. Pharm Acta Helv 74(4): 361.
Tufan G, Dilek UU, Tevfik G and Ali H (2005) 2,2′,3,4-Tetrahydroxy-3′-sulpho-5′- nitroazobenzene for spectrophotometric determination of aluminum in pharmaceutical suspensions and granite. Anal Chimica Acta 545(1) : 107.
Spinola A (1998) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum in iron ores using solid-phase extraction. J Braz Chem Soc 9(2) : 151.
Bahrama M, Madrakianb T, Bozorgzadehb T and A Afkhamib (2007) Micellemediated extraction for simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of aluminum and beryllium using mean centering of ratio spectra. Talanta 72(2) : 408.
Shokrollahi M Ghaedi, Niband MS and Rajabi HR (2008) Selective and sensitive spectrophotometric method for determination of sub-micro-molar amounts of aluminum ion. J Haza Mate 151(2-3): 642.
Niazi A, Zolgharnein J and Davoodabadi MR (2007) Simultaneous determination of aluminum and iron with hematoxylin using spectrophotometric and orthogonal signal correction-partial least squares in plant and water. Ann Chim 97(11-12): 1181.
Zheng HL, Xiong MG, Gong YK, Peng DJ and Li LC (2007) Catalytic spectrophotometric determination of trace aluminum with indigo carmine. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 66(4-5): 1243.
Carpani I, Scavetta E and Tonelli D (2004) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum and nickel. Ann Chim 94(5-6): 365.
He R and Wang J (2000) Novel catalytic spectrophotometric procedure for the determination of trace-level aluminum. Anal Chemica Acta 412(1-2): 241.
Pourreza N and Behpour M (1999) Column preconcentration of aluminum using Eriochrome Cyanine R and methyltrioctylammonium chloride adsorbent supported on naphthalene with subsequent spectrophotometric determination. Microchemical J 63(2): 250.
Afkhami A and Zarei A R (2004) Simultaneous kinetic determination of beryllium and aluminum by spectrophotometric H-point standard addition method. Anal Sci 20(12): 1711.
Rizk M, Zakhari NR, Toubar SS and El-Shabrawy Y (1995) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum and copper ions using spadns. Microchimica Acta 118(3- 4): 239.
Buratti M, Valla C, Pellegrino O, Rubino FM and Colombi A (2006) Aluminum determination in biological fluids and dialysis concentration via chelation with 8- hydroxy quinolin and solvent extraction fluorimetry. Anal Biochem 353(1): 63.
Ahmed MJ and Hossan J (1995) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum by morin. Talanta 42: 1135.
Diaz AM, Mariscal JMH, Reguera MIP and Vallvey LFC (1993) Determination of trace of aluminum with chrome azrurol S by solid-phase spectrophotometry. Talanta 40(7): 1059.
Agnihotri NK, Singh HB, Sharma RL and Singh VK (1993) Simultaneous determination of beryllium and aluminum in mixtures using derivative spectrophotometry. Talanta 40(3): 415.
Ying-ping H, Ke-mei Y and Hua-shan Z (1999) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminum with 2,3,7-trihydroxy-9-[4-(2,4-dihydroxy)phenylazo] phenylfluorone. Wuhan University J Natural Sci 4(2) : 219.
Mendez JH, Martinez RC, Cordero B M and Davila LG (1983) Spectrophotometric determination of aluminium with alizarin red S sensitized with polyvinylpyrrolidone. Analytica Chimica Acta 149: 379.
Luo M and Bi S (2003) Solid phase extraction spectrophotometric determination of dissolved aluminum in soil extracts and ground waters. J Inorg Biochem 97(1): 173.
Valencia MC, Boudra S and Bosque-Sendra JM (1996) Simultaneous determination of aluminum and beryllium at the subnanogram per millilitre level by solid-phase derivative spectrophotometry. Anal Chimica Acta 327(1):73.
Azhari SJ and Amin SA (2007) Highly sensitive and highly selective spectrophotometric determination of aluminum after collection on a membrane filter using 2,3-dichloro-6-(3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-1-naphthylazo) quinoxaline and zephiramine. Anal Letters 40(15) : 2959.
Ahmed MJ and Nasiruddin M (2007) A simple spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt in industrial, environmental, biological and Soil samples using bis(salicylaldehyde)orthophenylenediamine. Chemosphere 67 (10): 2020.
Sacconi L (1953) Acylhydrazones of o-Oxy- and o-Aminoaldehydes and ketones as tridentate complexing agents. J Am Chem Soc 75 : 5434.
Salam MA, Chowdhury DA and Hossain SMA (1995) Preparation and characterisaton of Shiff base reagent. Bull Pure and Appl Sci 14C : 129.
Sandell EB (1965) Colorimetric determination of traces of metals, 3rd end. Interscience, New York, p 269.
Bosch Ojeda C, Gaecia De Torres A, Sanchez FR and Cano Pavon JM (1987) Fluorometric determination of trace amount of gallium in biological tissues. The Analyst 112: 1499.
Job P (1928) Stability constant of coordination compounds. Anal Chim (Paris) 9: 113.
Yoe JA and Jones AL (1944) Stability constant of coordination compound, Ind. Eng. Chem. Anal., Ed. 16 : 11.
Parker GA (1983) Analytical Chemistry of Molybdenum, Springer Verlag Berlin.
Greenberg AE, Clesceri LS and Trussell RR (eds) (1992) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, 18th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington DC. P 3.
Stahr HM (1991) Analytical Methods in Toxicology, 3rd ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York p 75.
Jackson ML (1965) Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentic-Hall, New Jersey, p 297.
Uehara N, Kanbayashi M, Hosino H and Yotsuyanagi T (1989) An ion-pair reversed phase HPLC-fluorimetric system for ultra-trace determination of aluminum with salicylaldehydebenzoyalhydrazone. Talanta 36: 1031.