A Simple Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Aluminum in Some Real, Environmental, Biological, Soil and Pharmaceutical Samples Using 2-Hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone
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Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
BCSIR Laboratories, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Publish date: 2017-10-05
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2010;5(1):1–15
A simple ultra-trace, and highly selective non-extractive spectrophotometric method is presented for the rapid determination of aluminum at trace levels using 2-hydroxynaphthaldehydebenzoylhydrazone (HNPBH) as a new spectrophotometric reagent (lmax = 412 nm) in slightly acidic solution (1.5×10-5-1.25×10-4 M H2SO4) in 50% N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) medium. The reaction is instantaneous and absorbance remains stable for over 24 h. The color system obeys Beer’s law from 0.01-2.0 mgL-1 having detection limit of 1 µg L-1 and RSD 0-2%. The average molar absorptivity and Sandell’s sensitivity were found to be 2.21´104 L mol-1 cm-1 and 6 ng cm-2, respectively. The stoichiometric composition of the chelate is 2:3. The interference from over 50 cations, anions, and complexing agents (tartrate, oxalate, citrate, EDTA, DMG, 1.10 phenanthrolin, oxine, phosphate, thio-urea, SCN-) has been studied at 1 mgL-1 of Al. The method was successfully applied to some certified reference materials (alloys and steels), environmental waters (inland and surface), biological samples (human blood, urine and gallstone), soils, pharmaceutical samples (entacyd and almasil) and complex synthetic mixtures. The method has high precision and accuracy (s = ±0.01 for 0.5 mgL-1).
M. Jamaluddin Ahmed   
Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
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