A Strategy for Fostering Integration of Historical Buildings to IncreaseCitizens' Positive Perceptions: The Case of Izmir Historical Coal Gas Cultural Center
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Yasar University
Ankara University
Ege University
Online publication date: 2018-05-18
Publication date: 2018-05-18
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(3):emEJAC04040
This paper proposes fostering the social integration of historical urban industrial sites so that they are perceived more positively by the city’s citizens. Because of many factors, cities are growing, which brings many problems, such as preserving urban historical sites. As a specific example, this study examined the former Izmir Historical Coal Gas Cultural Center in Izmir, Turkey, regarding the city’s acquisition of the site and evaluation of its potential. The study tried to answer three main questions: How can we integrate this area into the city? How can we assess its potential for maintaining the historical and social values of this area? How can we preserve the historical value of this industrial site despite present-day changes and demands? To answer these questions, the integration of the whole factory with the city was evaluated in terms of accessibility, readability, preference for use, and communication with the past, as well as the integration of its landscape through its parameters (boundaries, wayfinding, building density, plants, and water use). Following a literature review, on-site observations and questionnaires were used to provide data analyzed by Crosstab and ChiSquare tests. The results showed very low ratings for accessibility, readability, and preference for site use. The site was particularly not preferred for leisure time activities, which was partly because of inappropriate use of landscape elements. The study concludes by suggesting several strategies to foster the social integration of this and other historical industrial sites so that citizens have more positive perceptions of them