Research paper
CC-BY 4.0

A Novel Ultrasonic Assisted Dispersive Solid Phase Microextraction for Preconcentration of Beryllium Ion in Real Samples Using CeO2 Nanoparticles and its Determination by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Mahmoud Chamsaz 1  ,  
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, IRAN
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(1):em01
Online publish date: 2017-10-11
Publish date: 2017-11-18
A simple and highly sensitive dispersive solid phase microextraction method coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry is proposed for preconcentration and determination of beryllium in real water and alloy samples employing cerium oxide nanoparticles as novel DSPME sorbent. This sorbent showed to be very effective for extraction of Be ion at the presence of interfering ions. Different parameters affecting the microextraction procedure such as nanoparticles amounts, pH, stirring and centrifuging times and the type and amount of desorption solvent were thoroughly studied and optimized. Under the optimized conditions, the calibration curve for Be was linear in the range of 0.05-25 µg L-1 with a correlation coefficient of 0.99. This method also shows low the relative standard deviation (RSD) and high preconcentration factor for determination of Be ion in real samples. The effects of different interfering ions on the Be determination were investigated and the method was successfully employed for its determination in well, tap and river water samples, and an alloy. The accuracy of method was also evaluated using a standard reference material.
1. Okutani, T., Tsuruta, Y., & Sakuragawa, A. (1993). Determination of a trace amount of beryllium in water samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after preconcentration and separation as a beryllium-acetylacetonate complex on activated carbon. Anal. Chem., 65(9), 1273.
2. Nukatsuka, I., Ohba, T., Ishida, H., Satoh, H., Ohzeki, K., & Ishida, R. (1992). Solid-phase extraction of trace amounts of beryllium (II) from natural water samples on a glass-fibre filter followed by solid-phase spectrophotometric determination using Chromazurol B. Analyst, 117(9), 1513.
3. Wong, C. Y., & Woollins, J. (1994). Beryllium coordination chemistry. Coord. Chem. Rev., 130(1-2), 243.
4. Skilleter, D. (1990). To be or not to be – The Story of Beryllium Toxicity. Chem Br, 26(1), 26.
5. Taylor, T. P., Ding, M., Ehler, D. S., Foreman, T. M., Kaszuba, J. P., & Sauer, N. N. (2003). Beryllium in the environment: a review. J. Environ. Sci. Health, A 38(2), 439.
6. Bruce, R., Ingerman, L., & Jarabek, A. (1998). Toxicological Review of Beryllium and Compounds. Environmental Protection Agency.
7. Batayneh, A. (2012). Toxic (aluminum, beryllium, boron, chromium and zinc) in groundwater: health risk assessment. Int. j. environ. sci. technol., 9(1), 153.
8. Mayer, A., & Hamzeh, N. (2015). Beryllium and other metal-induced lung disease. Curr. opin. pulm. med., 21(2), 178.
9. Strupp, C. (2011). Beryllium metal II. A review of the available toxicity data. Ann. Occup. Hyg., 55(1), 43.
10. Tokar, E. J., Benbrahim-Tallaa, L., & Waalkes, M. P. (2010). Metal ions in human cancer development. Met. ions life sci., 8, 375.
11. Castro, M., Robles, L., Lumbreras, J., De Celis, B., Aller, A., & Littlejohn, D. (2009). Determination of beryllium by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry using tungsten surfaces and zirconium modifier. Anal. chim. Acta, 636(2), 158.
12. Zawisza, B. (2008). Determination of beryllium by using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. Anal. chem., 80(5), 1696.
13. Beiraghi, A., & Babaee, S. (2008). Separation and preconcentration of ultra trace amounts of beryllium in water samples using mixed micelle-mediated extraction and determination by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. Anal. chim. Acta, 607(2), 183.
14. Ghorbani, M., Chamsaz, M., & Rounaghi, G. H. (2016). Ultrasound‐assisted magnetic dispersive solid‐phase microextraction: A novel approach for the rapid and efficient microextraction of naproxen and ibuprofen employing experimental design with high‐performance liquid chromatography. J. Sep. Sci., 39(6), 1082.
15. Ghorbani, M., Chamsaz, M., & Rounaghi, G. H. (2016). Glycine functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes as a novel hollow fiber solid-phase microextraction sorbent for pre-concentration of venlafaxine and o-desmethylvenlafaxine in biological and water samples prior to determination by high-performance liquid chromatography. Anal. bioanal. chem., 408(16), 4247.
16. Balasubramanian, S., & Panigrahi, S. (2011). Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) techniques for quality characterization of food products: a review. Food. Bioprocess Tech., 4(1), 1.
17. Mirzaei, M., Behzadi, M., Abadi, N. M., & Beizaei, A. (2011). Simultaneous separation/preconcentration of ultra trace heavy metals in industrial wastewaters by dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic drop prior to determination by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. J. hazard. mater., 186(2), 1739.
18. Serrano, M., Chatzimitakos, T., Gallego, M., & Stalikas, C. D. (2016). 1-Butyl-3-aminopropyl imidazolium—functionalized graphene oxide as a nanoadsorbent for the simultaneous extraction of steroids and β-blockers via dispersive solid–phase microextraction. J. Chromatogr. A, 1436, 9-18.
19. Kazemi, E., Dadfarnia, S., & Shabani, A. M. H. (2015). Dispersive solid phase microextraction with magnetic graphene oxide as the sorbent for separation and preconcentration of ultra-trace amounts of gold ions. Talanta, 141, 273-278.
20. Harifi, T., & Montazer, M. (2015). Application of nanotechnology in sports clothing and flooring for enhanced sport activities, performance, efficiency and comfort: a review. J. Ind. Text., 1528083715601512.
21. ChangJiao, S., HaiXin, C., Yan, W., ZhangHua, Z., Xiang, Z., & Bo, C. (2016). Studies on applications of nanomaterial and nanotechnology in agriculture. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. (Beijing), 18(1), 18.
22. Ge, S., Lan, F., Yu, F., & Yu, J. (2015). Applications of graphene and related nanomaterials in analytical chemistry. New J. Chem., 39(4), 2380.
23. Sanghavi, B. J., Wolfbeis, O. S., Hirsch, T., & Swami, N. S. (2015). Nanomaterial-based electrochemical sensing of neurological drugs and neurotransmitters. Microchim. Acta, 182(1-2), 1.
24. Bhakta, S. A., Evans, E., Benavidez, T. E., & Garcia, C. D. (2015). Protein adsorption onto nanomaterials for the development of biosensors and analytical devices: A review. Anal. chim. Acta, 872, 7.