Antecedents of Cloud Computing Adoption in Business OrganizationsA Saudi Arabia Case
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Publication date: 2018-12-25
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(6):emEJAC181156
In recent times, Information System (IS) has transformed from custom-coded and proprietary pre-packed applications to cloud computing. Modern development and convergence of IT and IS structures towards internet-centric platform evolved the concept of cloud computing. This innovative computing platform improved the performance of modern businesses by offering diversified on-demand cost effective computing services by reducing development and implementation cost. However, the developing countries were unable to reap the benefits associated with this transformation of modern technology. Literature review reveals that the lack of cloud computing adoption is one of the key concerns in business growth to meet the international standards. This study identifies two key factors that enhance this adoption level in Saudi business organizations. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM 3) has been chosen and adapted and enriched by identified two moderating factors and four general contributing key-factors. The newly proposed model is evaluated by using a comprehensive survey. A total number of 405 valid responses from six different business organizations were collected and analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis in Smart PLS3. A practical session on the usage of cloud computing is conducted and two focus groups were also held to obtain a qualitative data set. Results indicate that the technology adaption level and the proposed factors are strongly correlated. Hence, research study validates the hypothesis that these proposed factors contribute the adoption positively. The findings will help business decision-makers and cloud developers to enhance the adoption level of cloud computing services in their business organizations.