EJAC01 KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES RELATED TO DENGUE FEVER: EVIDENCE FROM A VIETNAMESE PROVINCE
 
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Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine
Online publication date: 2018-05-12
Publication date: 2018-05-12
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(3):emEJAC04001
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:Dengue fever (DF) is an acute infectious disease that easilyescalates to epidemic proportions and is transmitted mainly by dengue viruses, which are prevalent in tropical countries, such as Vietnam. This situation indicates that dengue prevention isa challenge for the health sector, but suchprevention can be advanced by assessments of a community’s knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation toDF. Objectives: This study was aimed at evaluating the DF-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Dong Nai community in Vietnam and exploring the relationship between these factorsand participant characteristics. Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted on 388 residentsof Dong Nai from June to October 2018. Results:The participantslacked knowledge regarding DFsymptoms, such as bone (17.0%), joint (29.1%) and muscle (37.1%) pain, and they obtained DF information primarily from television (77.8%) and the Internet (56%). The results also showed that healthcare professionals providepoor-quality information, thereby leading to confusion as regards dengue symptoms. On the positive side, the participants exhibited good knowledge regarding transmission, which affected the favourable attitudes and practices of the residents. Marital status (p = 0.018), educational level (p = 0.038), dengue history (p = 0.017) and knowledge regarding dengue patients (p = 0.017) were significantly correlated. The DF practices implemented by the respondents were those connected to living quarters (p = 0.009), occupations (p = 0.021), dengue history (p <0.001) and familiarity with the disease (p <0.001). Conclusion:DF-associated knowledge, attitudes and practicesshould be improvedthrough effective information dissemination.
eISSN:1306-3057