Economic Viability of Photovoltaic Power Plant for Sukkur–Pakistan
More details
Hide details
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Sindh, PAKISTAN
Department of Energy and Environment, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering,Science and Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh, PAKISTAN
Department of Chemical Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, PAKISTAN
School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, 3000 Victoria, AUSTRALIA
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, 98009 Sarawak, MALAYSIA
Publication date: 2018-08-20
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(5):em46
Pakistan is confronting severe power shortages which bring out power cuts for several hours in the country. To diminish the shortfall of power, renewable energy sources must be exploited. Therefore, this research focuses on the feasibility of photovoltaic power plant by selecting the best site for installation of the power plant. Monthly average global solar radiations for nine (09) cities of Sindh province were compared and Sukkur was selected for proposed 10 MW PV power plant-based on highest radiations available in the region. For simulation purpose RET Screen software is used. Results have shown that 20.944 GW of energy can be generated using single axis tracking PV at an initial cost of $23.57 M, 40% debt ratio and 9% discount rate, the power plant will generate electricity at a rate of $0.068/kWh. Furthermore, emission analysis indicated that proposed power plant will reduce CO2 emissions by 8,894 tons/year. It is evident from the study that currently PV based power plants are economically feasible.
Rafique M, Rehman S. National energy scenario of Pakistan – Current Status, future alternatives and institutional infrastructure: An overview. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017;69:156-167.
Javaid MA, Hussain S, Maqsood A, Arshad Z, Arshad MA, Idrees M. Electrical Energy Crisis in Pakistan and Their Possible Solutions. Basic Applied Sciences Journal. 2011;11(5).
Latif A, Ramzan N. A Review of Renewable Energy Resources in Pakistan. Innovation, Agriculture and Social Science Journal. 2014;3:127-132.
Economic Survey of Pakistan 2015-2016 Ministry of Finance GoP.
Obaidullah M, Asumadu-Sarkodie S, Obaidullah M. The relationship between carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption, and GDP: A recent evidence from Pakistan. Cogent Engineering 2016;3(1):1210491.
National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) state of industry report, 2016.
Edhenofer O. Economics of Renewables: Cost, Infrastructure Challenges and Policies. 3rd research meeting on international research network for low carbon societies Paris 14th October 2011.
Asumadu-Sarkodie S, Owusu PA. A review of Ghana’s solar energy potential. AIMS Energy 2016;4(4): 675-96.
Khan HA, Pervaiz S. Technological Review on Solar PV in Pakistan: Scope, Practices and Recommendations for Optimized System Design. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews. 2013;23:147–54.
Razykov TM, Ferekides DM, Stefanakos E, Ullah HS, Upadhyaya HM. Solar Photovoltaic Electricity: Current Status and Future Prospects. Solar Energy. 2011;85:1580-608.
Dincer F. The Analysis on Photovoltaic Electricity Generation Status, Potential and Policies of the Leading Countries in Solar Energy. Renewable and Sustainable Reviews. 2011;15:713-20.
Owusu PA, Asumadu-Sarkodie S. A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation. Cogent Engineering 2016;3(1):1167990.
Siddiqui KA. Pakistan Energy Sector Need for Reforms. 3rd Pakistan Oil and gas Conference 2011-January 29.
Energy Yearbook, HDIP, GoP, 2015.
Harijan K, Uqili MA, Mirza UK. Assessment of Solar PV Power Generation Potential in Pakistan. Clean Energy Technologies Journal. 2015;3(1).
Farooqui SZ. Prospects of Renewables Penetration in the Energy Mix of Pakistan”, Renewable and Sustainable Reviews. 2014;29:693-700.
Mirza, Umar K, Nasir A, Harijan K, Majeed T. Identifying and Addressing Barriers to Renewable Energy Development in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, May 2009:927–31.
Adnan S, Khan AH, Haider S, Mahmood R. Solar Energy Potential in Pakistan. Renewable Sustainable Energy. 2012;Article ID 032701.
21. Retrieved on 24-05-2018.
Asumadu-Sarkodie S, Asantewaa Owusu P. Feasibility of biomass heating system in Middle East Technical University, Northern Cyprus Campus. Cogent Engineering 2016:3(1):1134304.
Shaikh PH, Shaikh F, Mirani M. Solar Energy: Topographical Asset for Pakistan. Appl. Sol. Energy 2013;48:49–53.
24. Retrieved on 26-05-2018.
Khalid A, Junaidi H. Study of Economic Viability of Photovoltaic Electric Power for Quetta Pakistan. Renewable Energy. 2013;50:253-8.
Tyagi VV, Rahim NAA, Jeyraj A, Selvaraj L. Progress in solar PV technology: Research and achievement”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review. 2013;20:443-61.
27. Retrieved on 26-05-2018.
Harijan K. Modelling and Analysis of Potential Demand for Renewable Resources of Energy in Pakistan. PhD Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, MUET Jamshoro.
Shaikh PH, Leghari ZH, Mirjat NH, Shaikh F, Solangi AR, Jan T, Uqaili MA. Wind–PV-Based Hybrid DC Microgrid (DCMG) Development: An Experimental Investigation and Comparative Economic Analysis. Energies. 2018;11(5):1295.
Cost and Performance Review of Generation Technologies, Western Electric Coordinating Council 155 North 400 West, Suite 200 Salt Lake City, Utah 84103-1114.
Singh SP, Srikant, Jairaj KS. Performance Comparison and Cost Analysis of Single Axis Tracking and Fixed Tilt PV Systems. Proc. of Int. Conf. on Current Trends in Eng., Science and Technology, ID-02.ICCTEST.2017.1.79.
Determination of NEPRA in the matter of Upfront Generation Tariff for solar PV power plants, National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA), Government of Pakistan.
NREL, Renewable Energy Finance Tracking Initiative (REFTI) Solar Trend Analysis Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-53531 September 2012.