RESEARCH PAPER
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1
UG Scholar, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, BIST, BIHER, Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research, Selaiyur, Chennai
2
Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, BIST, BIHER, Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research, Selaiyur, Chennai.
Publication date: 2019-11-07
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(3):em
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Tolls are a form of user tax that usually pays for the cost of road construction and maintenance without raising taxes on non-users. Historically, and sometimes today, tolls are collected as a type of tax for the use of the local government or lord. Investor's bonds necessary to pay for the construction and maintenance of the roads are issued and sold with the expectation that the bonds will be paid back over time by user tolls. After the bonds are paid off the road typically reverts to the government agency that owns the land it was built on and had authorized the construction. access to toll roads are restricted to prevent non-payers from using the road. Toll roads may be built to allow some users to travel faster from one location to another relieving traffic congestion and speeding up traffic for those who can afford it. These type systems may be one restricted toll lane or more on an otherwise "free" road all roads have to be paid for somehow and are never "free". Normally, road construction costs are paid for by the taxes on gasoline, diesel, or other fuel. Users of toll roads still pay these taxes and the tolls for using this particular road or lane. In addition to toll roads, toll bridges and toll tunnels are also used by public authorities for revenue generation to repay for long-term debt issued to finance the building and maintenance of the toll facility. Some tolls are collected to accumulate finances to build future capacity expansion and maintenance of roads, tunnels, bridges, etc. Some tolls are used as general tax fund for local governments and may have little or nothing to do with transportation facilities. These types of tolls are usually limited or prohibited by central government legislation. Also road congestion pricing schemes have been implemented in a limited number of urban areas as a transportation demand management tool in an attempt to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution.
 
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