INDONESIA-RUSSIA RELATIONSHIP (Strategy, Opportunities, and Challenges on Liberalization and Globalization)
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Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
Online publication date: 2018-08-07
Publication date: 2018-08-07
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(4):emEJAC04050
The relationship between Indonesia and Russia began in 1945-1950 which was a political diplomacy struggle for the Indonesian people seeking international recognition of independence and after independence on August 17, 1945. In the New Order of 1965-1998 the relations between Indonesia and the Soviet Union were not like before. Entering the 1990s the relations between the two countries began to show improvement both in the fields of education, social, culture, economy and trade. In 2000, Indonesia-Russia cooperation relations entered a new phase and experienced in a significant increase. President Abdurrahman Wahid, President Megawati Soekarnoputri, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and President Joko Widodo discussed cooperation between the two countries. In political field, the first meeting since the reform era in Indonesia and the Russian Federation era was carried out by President Abdurrahman Wahid and President Vladimir Putin, there was not much discussion produced. Meanwhile, Megawati Soekarnoputri in 2001 began to stretch Indonesia-Russia relations. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono discussed the follow-up in the purchase of Russian warplanes. President Joko Widodo and Russian President Vladimir Putin held limited meetings. In the economic field In 2012 the value of Indonesian imports from Russia amounted to 2.5 billion US $, and Indonesia's export value to Russia amounted to 867.3 million US $, until 2016 the value of Indonesian imports from Russia was 850.6 million US $, and Indonesia's export value to Russia was 1.3 billion US $. There was a tendency to decrease the value of Russian imports to Indonesia, and the export value of Indonesia to Russia has increased. So it is necessary for a strategic partnership to improve cooperative relations and opportunities for Indonesia-Russia relations through increased bilateral cooperation, and the challenges of Indonesia-Russia relations as a target that has not been achieved.