KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF CAREGIVERS TOWARDS THE PREVENTION AND HOME–BASED MANAGEMENT OF DIARRHOEAL DISEASE AMONG CHILDREN AGED BETWEEN 0-5 YEARS IN VIETNAM
 
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Ton Duc Thang University
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Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine
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Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine
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108 Military Central Hospital
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University of Medicine Pham
Online publication date: 2018-05-25
Publication date: 2018-05-25
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(3):emEJAC04045
 
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ABSTRACT
Purpose: To determine the role of caregivers’ knowledge, attitude and practices in preventing and managing diarrhoeal disease among young children (0 to 5 years) in Vietnam. Methods: Random sampling was used to select and interview 86 primary caregivers in Vietnam rural and urban settings. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. Results: Participant preventive behaviour scores were so low that all were classified as poor or below, with 18.8% showing extremely poor preventive behaviours, 68.2% very poor and 13% poor. The majority of participants also scored in the extremely poor range on safe drinking water practice (8.2%) and sanitation practice (74.3%). Notably, there were statistically significant between–group differences based on moderating factors, including wealth and educational background. Conclusion: The results suggested several primary intervention strategies for nurses, healthcare providers, primary caregivers, parents, school leaders and other stakeholders, including routine assessment of children’s nutrition, especially in relation to healthy food and safe drinking water access; assessing family environments to identify diarrhoeal disease risk factors, including sociocultural factors and primary caregiver or parenting influences; and collaborating with school leaders to identify contributing factors, such as food environments, school policies and student demographics. These targeted prevention and interventions strategies respond to the specific needs of Vietnam’s communities, families and children.
eISSN:1306-3057