KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES AMONGST FEMALE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN VIETNAM: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY ON HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS VACCINATION
 
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Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam.
Online publication date: 2018-06-26
Publication date: 2018-06-26
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(4):emEJAC04323
 
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ABSTRACT
This study was aimed at determining the knowledge, attitudes and practices of female public university students in relation to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. Data were collected through questionnaire administration and face-to-face interviews. On the basis of the findings, most of the students had high knowledge regarding the aetiology of HPV but exhibited a minimal understanding of HPV epidemiology. With regard to the attitudes of the participants towards HPV vaccination, the correlation between HPV infection and the incidence and prevalence of cervical cancer played a leading role in the increasing acceptance of the vaccine. Barriers to HPV vaccination in Vietnam included the lack of adequate education (and, hence, knowledge) about the efficacy of the vaccine, poor communication regarding sexuality, organisational influence and the perception that the HPV vaccine promotes sexual activity. Other obstacles were apprehension over the efficacy and safety of the vaccine (amongst the participants and service providers), problems concerning reimbursement and the perceivably high cost of the vaccine. These results pointed to the following needs in the Vietnamese context: the implementation of educational initiatives, reassurance from healthcare providers and practitioners or community health workers, nurses and doctors regarding the low likelihood of adverse effects from the HPV vaccine and the espousal of a holistic approach by which to eliminate barriers to community discussions of sexually transmitted diseases and sexuality.
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