Parasitic Infection in Wild Rabbits Oryctolagus Cuniculus
More details
Hide details
Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Al-Qadisiyah, IRAQ
Department of Environment, College of Science, University of Al-Qadisiyah, IRAQ
Publication date: 2018-09-19
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(5):em55
The purpose of current study is the Biochemical detection of parasitic infection in wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus and illustrate which one of these parasites can infect humans or economical animals to clarify the important role of rabbits in the transmission of these parasites (as a vector and/or a reservoir host). During the period October 2016 to December 2017, a total of 55 samples of wild rabbits were collected from the local animals market in Al-Diwaniyah province – Iraq, of both sexes with different ages. After dissection and examination of all rabbits to look for ectoparasites infestation and endoparasites infection, then these parasites were prepared according to suitable methods. Results shown that 41 rabbits (74.55%) were infected with eight different types of external and internal parasites. Our results showed three species of external parasites (ectoparasites): the rabbit ear mite Psoroptes cuniculi (25.45%), the poultry red mite Dermanyssns gallinae (30.91%) and nymphs of Linguatula serrata which belong to the tongue worms (21.82%); and also we found five species of internal parasites (endoparasites) which were: the protozoan Eimeria sp.(61.82%), Giardia sp.(16.36%) and Cryptosporidium cuniculus (38.18%), and the larva stage cysticercus pisiformis (54.55%) and finally the nematodes Passalurus ambiguous (32.73%). The results in this biochemical study revealed that rabbits can be infected with common parasites which are: D. gallinae (poultry red mite), nymphs of Linguatula serrata, Eimeria sp. and Giardia sp. these parasites can infected anther hosts beside rabbits. So that our results enhance the important role of rabbits in the spreading of parasites and transmission of infection to other animals as well as humans.
Pilar H, Francisca A, Monica F, Felipe B, Manuel S. Effects of restocking rabbits on helminthes fauna of wild rabbits’ population in the North West Iberian Peninsula. Acta Parasitol. 2001;46(4):306-312.
Soulsy EJ. Helminthes, Arthropods and Protozoa of domestic aminals. 8th ed. Bailliere, Tindall, London. 1982:14-169.
Bowman DD, Lynn RC, Eberhand ML, Gearjis A. Parasitology for veterinarians, 8th ed. W B Saunder Company, Philadelphia, London. 1999:352.
Lapage G. Veterinary parasitological, Oliver and Boyd, London. 1968:1182.
Flynn RJ. Parasites of laboratory animals. 1st Ed, The lowa state university press Amen. 1973:493-503.
Weisborth SH, Flatt RE, Kraus AL. The biology of the laboratory rabbit, Academic Press Inc, London. 1974:317-329.
Borkovcova M. Endoparasites of some species of domestic animals in Tisnorsko district. Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry Brno. 1999:129.
Zhang W, Yujuan SH, Wang R, Liu A, Hong L, Li Y, Cao J. Cryptosporidium cuniculus and Giardia duodenalis in Rabbits: Genetic Diversity and Possible Zoonotic Transmission. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2012;7(2):1-5.
AL-Khafaji NJ, Rhaymah MSH. Common diseases of rabbits in Mosul – Iraq. Iraqi J. Vet. Sci. 1995;8(2):271-277.
Yagoob G, Hossein HD. Prevalence rate of endoparasites in wild rabbits or east-Azerbaijan province, Iran. Annals Biol. Res. 2011;2(6):31-35.
El-Hawary NMK. Study on parasitic infection in rabbits. Ms. Vet. Sc., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Egypt. 2009.
Coles EH..Veterinary clinical pathology. 4th .ed, Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Company, London. 1986:386–403.
Levine ND. Protozoan parasites of domestic animals and of man. Burgess Publ. Co. U.S.A. 1961:255.
Gres V, Voza T, Chabaud A, Landau I. Coccidiosis in wild rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus. France. J. Parasitol. 2003;10:51-57.
Xiao L, Fayer R. Molecular characterisation of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission. Int. J. Parasitol. 2008;38:1239-1255.
Shi K, Jian F, Lv C, Ning C, Zhang L. Prevalence, genetic characteristics, and zoonotic potential of Cryptosporidium species causing infections in farm rabbits in China. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2010;48:3263-3266.
Yang D, Yongjun Y, Yue X, Huaming NX, Nong G, Wang X, Peng A, Guangyou Y. Genetic Variation of Taenia Pisiformis Collected from Sichuan, China, Based on the Mitochondrial Cytochrome b gene. Korean J. Parasitol. 2013;51(4):449-452.
Ashmawy KI, El-Sokkary MY, Abu-Akkada SS, Dewair AW. Incidence of Passalurus ambiguous in domestic rabbits in Behera Province, Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2010;30(1):115-120.
Li S, Cui P, Fang SF, Lin RQ, Zou FC, Zhu XQ. Sequence variability in four mitochondrial genes among rabbit pinworm (Passalurus ambiguus) isolates from different localities in China. Mitochondrial DNA. 2014.
Robinson G, Wright S, Elwin K, Hadfield SJ, Katzer F. Re-description of Cryptosporidium cuniculus (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae): Morphology, biology and phylogeny. Int. J. Parasitol. 2010;40:1539-1548.
Nolan MJ, Jex AR, Haydon SR, Stevens MA, Gasser RB. Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium cuniculus in rabbits in Australia. Infect. Genet. 2010;1:1187-1179.
Sparagano OA, George DR, Harrington DW, Giangaspero A. Significance and control of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. Annul Rev. Entomol. 2014;59:447–466.
George DR, Finn RD, Graham KM, Mul M, Maurer V, Valiente-Moro C, Sparagano OA. Should the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae be of wider concern for veterinary medical science? Parasitol. Vectors. 2015;8:178.
Maleky FA. Case report of Linguatula serrata in human throat from Tehran, central Iran. Indian J. Med. Sci. 2001;55(8):439–441.
Siavashi MR, Assmar M, Vatankhah A. Nasopharyngeal pentastomiasis (Halzoon): report of 3 cases, IJMS. 2002;27(4):192.
Anaraki MG, Mobedi I, Ariaiepour M, Pourmohammadi Z, Zare-Bidaki MA. Case report of nasopharyngeal linguatuliasis in Tehran, Iran and characterization of the isolated Linguatula serrata. Iran J. Parasitol. 2008;3(1):53–55.
Peek HW, Landman WJM. Coccidiosis in poultry: anticoccidial products, vaccines and other prevention strategies. Vet. Quart. 2011;31(3):143–161.
Chartier C, Paraud C. Coccidiosis due to Eimeria in sheep and goats, a review. Small Ruminant Research. 2012;103:84–92.
Koutny H, Joachim A, Tichy A, Baumgartner W. Bovine Eimeria species in Austria. J. Parasitol. Res. 2012;110(5):893-901.
Bahrami S, Alborzi AR. Prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in river buffalo calves of southwest of Iran. 2013;58(4):527-530.
Kommuru DS, Barker T, Desai S, Burke JM, Ramsay A, Mueller-Harvey I, Miller JE, Mosjidis JA, Kamisetti M, Terrill TH. Use of pelleted sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) for natural control of coccidia and gastrointestinal nematodes in weaned goats. J. Vet. Parasitol. 2014;204(3-4):191–198.
Slutzky GM. Biochemistry of parasites. Naturwissenschaften. 1981;68(10):498-500.