Physiological and Biochemical Characteristic of Elicitors Impact on the Vitis Vinifera Plants’ Phylloxera-Resistance
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North Caucasian Federal Scientific Centre of Horticulture, Viniculture and Winemaking, RUSSIA
I.T. Trubilin Kuban State University of Agriculture, RUSSIA
Nataliya I. Nenko   

Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, North Caucasian Federal Scientific Centre of Horticulture, Viniculture and Winemaking, Krasnodar, Russia
Online publication date: 2017-10-10
Publication date: 2017-10-10
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2017;12(Interdisciplinary Perspective on Sciences 7b):1421–1427
The promising trend in the grape-vine cultivation technology is application of elicitors to improve the resistance of plants to disease and insect attacks, phylloxera particularly. The objective of work is a physiological and biochemical estimation of elicitors impact on phylloxera-resistance of the Vitis Vinifera plants. The target of research are the own-rooted plants of the grape-vine technical grade Bianca, interspecies hybrid, of Euro-American origin. The plant growth regulator preparation Furolan and amino acid methionine, and their composition served the function of elicitors. To determine the content of protein, pigments in the leaves, the spectral method of analysis was used, as for phenolcarbonic acids, amino acids, phytohormones, metal cations – the capillary electrophoresis method. The application of elicitors in the grape-vine cultivation technology permits to enhance the resistance of the Bianca grape-vine own-rooted plants to affection both by the root and leaf form of phylloxera and is highly competitive by its biological efficiency with a standard treatment variant, involving application of the multiple crop protection chemicals. The application of elicitors has an effect on metabolism of the grape-vine plants, increases the phenol compounds content, stabilizes protein synthesis, activates photosynthetic activity. It permits to activate the defense reaction of the grape-vine plants, to enhance the productivity, to yield ecologically clean production without sacrifice of the grape-vine quality.
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