Separation and Spectrophotometric Determination of Iron (III) and Mercury (II) via Cloud Point Extraction with New Azo-Derivative
More details
Hide details
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Education for Women, Kufa University, Al-Najaf-31001, IRAQ
The General Directorate of Education Al-Najaf Al- Ashraf, The Gifted Students’ School in Najaf, IRAQ
Publication date: 2018-09-07
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(5):em48
A new coupled cloud point extraction (CPE) was developed as prompt, easy and economical preconcentration technique for spectrophotometric determination of tiny amounts of Fe3+ and Hg2+ in real samples. A modern thiazolylazo ligand [methyl phenyl thiazolyl azo]-3-methyl-4-methoxy-2-naphthol (MPTAN) was done for the CPE method in the preconcentration of Fe3+ and Hg2+ as an earlier step to its characterization by UV-VIS spectrophotometry. The analytical manner includes the formation of under study metals complex with new ligand and quantitatively extracted to the Cloud point layer (CPL) of TritonX-100 after heating. The concentration of MPTAN, metals, pH, thermodynamic data and volume of surfactant was optimized. The investigation of stoichiometry has the ratio of metal to ligand of 1:1. Under finest settings and conditions, the calibration curve was found to be linear in the concentration range of two ions (0.05-10) ppm and the limit of detection for Fe3+ and Hg2+ are (0.016 and 0.041) ppm respectively. The suggested CPE has an excellent methodology for characterization of trace metal ions in surrounding samples with a complex matrix as in soils, water, vegetable, meats, and fruits.
Samaddar P, Sen K. Cloud point extraction: A sustainable method of elemental preconcentration and speciation. J. of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2014;20(4):1209–1219.
Jawad SK, Hayder FH. Cloud point extraction, preconcentration and spectrophotometric determination of Magnesium (II), by using 2,4-dimethyl pentane-3-one. J. of Eur.Chem. Bull. 2015;4(8):360-363.
Jawad SK, Azooz EA. A new Approach for Separation, Extraction, and Determination of Zinc in Different Samples using Cloud-Point Extraction Coupled with spectrophotometry. FIRE Journal of Science and Technology. 2015;3:261-273.
Jawad SK, Azooz EA. Cloud point extraction method for separation and preconcentration of Mg (II) as anion coupled with spectrophotometric applications. J. of Research in Applied. 2015;1(2):119-134.
Gouda AA, Sheikh RE, Amin AS. Application of cloud point extraction for separation of iron in water and food and environmental samples prior to a determination by spectrophotometry. Analytical chemistry letters. 2016;6(3):296-312.
DaSilva MAM, Frescura VLA, Curtius AJ. Determination of noble metals in biological samples by electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry following cloud point extraction. Spectrochim. Acta,part B: spectroscopy. 2001;56(10):1941-1949.
Akçay M, Ulusoy S. Simultaneous Determination of Vitamins B1 and B2 in Food Samples by Modified Cloud Point Extraction Method and HPLC-DAD. Food Anal.Chem. 2018;11(1):260–269.
Ghasemi E, Kaykhaii M. Application of Micro-cloud point extraction for the spectrophotometric determination of Malachite green, Crystal violet and Rhodamine B in aqueous samples. Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 2016;164:93.
Ghasemi E, Kaykhaii M. Application of a Novel Micro-Cloud Point Extraction for Preconcentration and Spectrophotometric Determination of Azo Dyes. The Brazilian Chemical Society. 2016;27:1521.
Yang X, Jia Z, Yang X, Li G, Liao X. Cloud point extraction-flame atomic absorption spectrometry for pre-concentration and determination of trace amounts of silver ions in water samples. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 2017;24:589-594.
Khammas ZA-A, Jawad SK, Ali IR. A new Approach for extraction and determination of Manganese in an environmental sample using cloud point extraction coupled with spectrophotometry. Chemical Science Transactions. 2014;3(1):255-267.
Jawad SK, Kadhim MO, Azooz EA. Incorporation Onium System with Cloud Point Extraction Method for Extraction and Determination Iron(III) and Mercury(II) in Different Samples. Oriental J. of Chemistry. 2017;33(4):1879-1889.
Jawad SK, Khaleel LA. Via Cloud Point Extraction Methodology and Acidic HCl media Extracted of Iron (III) by DB18C6. J. of Kufa for Chemical Science. 2016;2(1):32-48.
Tavallali H, Telvari F. Preconcentration Determination of Zn2+ and Fe3+ in Waste Water Samples by Cloud Point Extraction Method. International J. of Chem. Tech Research. 2013;5(5):2487-2491.
Citak D, Tuzen M. Cloud point extraction of copper, lead, cadmium, and iron using 2,6-diamino-4-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine and nonionic surfactant, and their flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination in water and canned food samples. J. AOAC Int. 2012;95(4):1170-1175.
Filik H, Giray D. Cloud point extraction for speciation of iron in beer samples by spectrophotometry. Food Chemistry. 2012;130(1):209–213.
Efeçınar M, Şatıroğlu N. Cloud point extraction for preconcentration of Pb(II), Fe(III), Cr(III) and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem. 2013;41(4):321–330.
Gürkan R, Altunay N. Speculative Determination of Dissolved Inorganic Fe(II), Fe(III) and Total Fe in Natural Waters by Coupling Cloud Point Extraction with FAAS. Pak. J. Anal. Environ. Chem. 2013;14(2):16–27.
Duran C, Ozdes D, Elif C, Kaya E, Kantek H, Bulut VN, Ufekc MT. Optimization of a new cloud point extraction procedure for the selective determination of trace amounts of total iron in some environmental samples. Turk J Chem. 2012;36:445–456.
Abdallah AR, Lanigan KC. Cloud point extraction of Iron and its detection using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. American Chemical Society. 2015;1210:183-193.
Wang M, Li S, Zhou JD, Xu Y, Long JB, Yang BY. Cloud Point extraction for determination of mercury in Chinese herbal medicine by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry with Optimization using Box Behnken design. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2014;34(8):2254-2258.
Shah AQ, Kazi TG, Baig JA, Afridi HI, Kandhro GA, Arain MB, Kolachi NF, Wadhwa SK. Total mercury determination in different tissues of broiler chicken by using Cloud point extraction and Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2010;48:65-69.
Sony JY, Hon M, Zhang LX. Determination of mercury at trace lead in Natural water samples by Hydride generation Atomic absorption spectrophotometry after Cloud point extraction preconcentration. Chinese chemical letter. 2006;17(9):1217-1220.
Niazi A, Momeni-Isfahani T, Ahmari Z. Spectrophotometric Determination of Mercury in Water Samples After Cloud Point Extraction Using Nonionic Surfactant Triton X-114. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008;165:1200-1203.
Ghasemi E, Kaykhaii M. Determination of Zinc, Copper, and Mercury in Water Samples by Using Novel Micro Cloud Point Extraction and UV-Vis Spectrophotometry. Eurasian J. of Analytical Chemistry. 2017;4(12):324-313.
Ulusoy HI. Determination of Trace Inorganic Mercury Species in Water Samples by Cloud Point Extraction and UV-Vis Spectrophotometry. J.AOAC International. 2014;97(1):238-244.
Sohnalic MR, Farokhi E, Adnani A, Ziaian M. Determination of Trace mercury by Cloud point extraction Preconcentration coupled with spectrophotometry. J.O.applied Sciences. 2007;7(20):3123-3126.
Altunay N. Utility of ultrasound assisted-cloud point extraction and spectrophotometry as a preconcentration and determination tool for the sensitive quantification of mercury species in fish samples. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 2018;189:167-175.
Karadaş C, Kara D. New ligandless cloud point extraction method for preconcentration of iron from natural water samples and FAAS detection. Water science and technology. 2017;17:3.
Khan AA, Inamuddin AT. Organic–inorganic composite cation exchanger; poly-o-toluidine Zr(IV) phosphate based ion-selective membrane electrode for the potentiometric determination of mercury, Analytical Sciences. 2008;24:881-887.
Naushad M, Inamuddin, Rangreez TA, ALOthman ZAA. Mercury Ion Selective Electrode Based on Poly-O-Toluidine Zr(IV) Tungstate Composite Membrane. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry. 2014;713:125–130.
Niknam K, Fatehi-Raviz A. Synthesis of 2-substituted benzimidazoles and bisbenzimidazoles by microwave in the presence of alumina-methanesulfonic acid. J. Iran. Chem. Soc. 2007;4(4):438–443.
Marczenko Z, Balcerzak M. Separation, preconcentration, and spectrophotometry in inorganic analysis. 1st ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 2000.