Study on Processing Parameters Such as Temperature, Density and Catalyst Type on Production of Biodiesel Out of Sunflower Oil
 
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1
Chemical engineering group, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran, Tehran, IRAN
2
Polymer engineering group, Director of the Department of Polymer, Amir Kabir University, Tehran, IRAN
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Shahab eddin Ashtiani
Chemical engineering group, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Publication date: 2017-07-05
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2017;12(A Multidisciplinary Approach to science 5b):569–577
 
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ABSTRACT
In the past decade, biodiesel has been noticed as a reproducible, non-toxic and lucrative fuel. This fuel is in fact the FATTY ACID METHYL ESTER which has been resulted from Trans-esterification of Tri-glyceride. It´s expected that biodiesel will be developed throughout the world with a greater pace. With regards to the importance of biodiesel production, 18 samples of this biofuel have been made out of sunflower oil in three reaction temperatures of 60, 70, 80, ̊C with two catalysts (potassium hydroxide & sodium hydroxide) with different weights of 0.5, 1, 1.5 % with 300 rpm agitation intensity under Alcohol to water ratio of 1:5 in 60 minutes period. the consequences showed that the high quality of this biofuel resulted from the catalyst of potassium hydroxide with weight percentage of 1 in comparison to the other two weight percentages of 0.5 & 1.5.
 
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