RESEARCH PAPER
Synthesis of activated carbon via sulphuric acid and iron chloride and its potential application synthetic grey water in combination with sand bed filter
 
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1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, 98009 Sarawak, Malaysia, Malaysia
2
School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia 3000, Australia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mubarak Mujawar   

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, 98009 Sarawak, Malaysia, Malaysia
Publication date: 2019-02-07
 
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(6):em
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
Biomass is an economical and wide available source for the production of activated carbon (AC).

Material and methods:
In this study, the effect of H2SO4 and FeCl3 in the production of AC from the cotton stalk (CS) was analyzed. Various techniques used to examine the characteristics of both prepared activated carbons (ACs). The techniques include scanning electron microscopy (SEM) which identified the surface modification, including its micro and macropores. Furthermore, crystalline modifications were measured through X-ray diffractometry (XRD) techniques. In last, Fourier transforms infrared spectra (FTIR) method identified the presence of different functional groups on the surfaces of ACs.

Results:
The major peaks during FTIR analysis of H2SO4-AC were observed in the range of 753.00, 877.52, 1180.09, 1557.42, 1574.55, 1695.10, 2110.76, 2320.81, 2359.11, 3360.30 cm-1.

Conclusions:
After the application of FeCl3-AC and H2SO4-AC in combination with the sand filter, the final measuring values were 6.32 CFU/100 ml and 4.21 CFU/100 ml respectively.

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