The Development of a Cleaner Production Model and Applied Management Solutions for the Pharmaceutical Industry
More details
Hide details
Department of Environmental Sciences, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, IRAN
Online publication date: 2018-02-02
Publication date: 2018-02-02
Eurasian J Anal Chem 2018;13(3):em10
The present study aimed to develop a cleaner production model and applied management solutions for the pharmaceutical industry. The research methodology was basic-applied in terms of purpose, and descriptive-exploratory in terms of implementation method. The statistical population included the companies operating in the pharmaceutical industry. Experts and managers working in these companies were selected as the statistical analysis unit. Using Cochran’s formula for a finite population, 341 individuals, including 9 experts, were selected as the sample. Interpretive structural modeling technique was used to design the interpretive structural model of cleaner production, and rough set theory was used to prioritize cleaner production indicators. Finally, SWOT matrix was used to provide operational and strategic solutions for cleaner production. The results showed that 15 variables of “cleaner policies and regulations”, “cleaner strategic stimulus”, “cleaner leadership and competency”, “cleaner processes”, “ cleaner suppliers”, “cleaner employee”, “cleaner partnership”, “cleaner culture”, “cleaner design”, “cleaner environmental management”, “cleaner resource management”, “cleaner innovation”, “cleaner purchasing management”, “cleaner technology”, “risk perception and cleaner protection indicators” are respectively the most important factors in achieving cleaner production. In the present study, a cleaner production assessment model was proposed for the pharmaceutical industry by identifying the key performance indicators involved in cleaner production using reliable techniques.
Yu F, Chen J, Sun F, Zeng S, Wang C. Trend of technology innovation in China’s coal-fired electricity industry under resource and environmental constraints. Energy Policy. 2001;39(3):1586-99.
Wang J. China’s national cleaner production strategy. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 1999;19(5):437-456.
Thomas R. A Greater Understanding of Environmental Ethics and Need for Inculcating Environment-friendly Culture. International Review of Sociology. Revue Internationale de Sociologie. 2002;12(1):77-87.
Romli A, Prickett P, Setchi R, Soe S. (2015). Integrated eco-design decision-making for sustainable product development. International Journal of Production Research. 2015;53(2):549-571.
Ren T. Barriers and drivers for process innovation in the petrochemical industry: A case study. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management. 2009;26(4):285-304.
Qi G, Zeng S, Tam CM, Yin H, Wu J, Dai Z. Diffusion of ISO 14001 environmental management systems in China: rethinking on stakeholders’ roles. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2011;19(11):1250-6.
Stone L. When case studies are not enough: the influence of corporate culture and employee attitudes on the success of cleaner production initiatives. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2000;8(5):353-9.
Zhang L, Yu H, Cai M, LVZ. Cleaner production in China. Ecol Econ. 2012;8:46-9.
Searcy C, Morali O, Karapetrovic S, Wichuk K, McCartney D, McLeod S. Challenges in implementing a functional ISO 14001 environmental management system. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management. 2012;29(7):779-96.
Dangelico RM, Pujari D. Mainstreaming green product innovation: Why and how companies integrate environmental sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics. 2010;95(3):471-86.
Chowdary BV, George D. Improvement of manufacturing operations at a pharmaceutical company: a lean manufacturing approach. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management. 2011;23(1):56-75.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). Guidance Manual: How to Establish and Operate Cleaner Production Centers. 2008.
Molina-Azorín JF, Claver-Cortés E, Pereira-Moliner J, Tarí JJ. Environmental practices and firm performance: an empirical analysis in the Spanish hotel industry. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2009;17(5):516-24.
Hong J, Li X. Speeding up cleaner production in China through the improvement of cleaner production audit. Journal of cleaner production. 2013;129:35-40.
Khan Z. Cleaner production: an economical option for ISO certification in developing countries. Journal of cleaner production. 2008;16(1):22-135.
de Guimarães JCF, Severo EA, Vieira PS. Cleaner production, project management and Strategic Drivers: An empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017;141:881-90.
Garvin D. (1993). Building a learning organization. Harvard Business Review. 1993;71(4):78-91.